Adamello Brenta Nature Park
The Park, located west of Trento, along the border with Lombardy, occupies one tenth of the surface area of Trentino. Established in 1967, the Park offers many views of rare beauty. From Lake Tovel, which was once coloured red by the flowering of a particular type of algae. An excellent network of footpaths makes it possible to visit the valleys and climb (sometimes by cable car) to the alpine refuges to enjoy traditional dishes.
The exceptional environmental conformation of the park territory favours extraordinary fauna, including rare and exclusive species.
Be careful, therefore, not to venture too far into solitary situations: the brown bear, a shy and solitary carnivore, is among them. There is also the fox, a cunning predator, and five species of mustelids (badger, marten, weasel and stoat).
There are numerous herds of Alpine chamois on the high-altitude meadows, while roe deer and red deer find their best habitat in the valley. The ibex has recently reappeared in the high altitude areas, reintroduced thanks to a project implemented by the Park in collaboration with the neighbouring Lombardy park.
In order to get a complete picture of the animal population, mention should be made of mouflons and numerous rodents and insectivores (squirrels, shrews, marmots).
Equally rich and interesting is the avifauna, including the mimetic francolin, the capercaillie and black grouse and the ptarmigan. Last but not least, there are diurnal birds of prey (including the golden eagle and hawk, the eagle and long-eared owl, the little owl and the scops owl), reptiles and numerous species of fish in the Alpine lakes.
Approximately one third of the park’s surface area is covered by woodland, which in the lower reaches consists mainly of deciduous trees. For example, maple, cornel, rowan, hazel, willow, hornbeam, downy oak and manna ash. In the mountainous plain, on the other hand, there are beech woods and mixed deciduous and coniferous woods. The latter are often prevalent because they were favoured in the past by silviculture. Where this has not been the case, pure beech forests have been able to develop freely. Spruce and larch cover the higher altitudes.